Portuguese Modern Architecture

The valorization of the most recent architectural memory is often forgotten and in particular, the works usually connoted with the so-called “modern movement”, which correspond to an abundant productive the period that, throughout almost the entire 20th century, gradually marked the forms of the territory, regardless of the more specific contexts. The Architecture of the “Modern Movement”, however, will forever be associated with the production that emerges at the dawn of the 20th century and looking for ways out through the stylization of gaps opened by engineering, by new materials, by new programs dictated by the Industrial Revolution.

All over the world, these signs of explicit affirmation showed such an obsessive commitment that they forgot the lasting marks they themselves built, forgetting their own historical significance. The history of Portuguese modern architecture was also highlighted, with more evident expression after the great war.
Full of natural voids and contradictions, it can be said that in the post-war decades it asserted itself as a dogma in the creative process of the transformation of the space and the design of urban form. Modern architecture is based and should be based, categorically, on the solid achievements of science, technology and engineering.

After the years of the exaltation of the Estado Novo, the priority of promoting industrial infrastructures is overlapping, with advances and setbacks, whose scenario allowed the construction of so much equipment, having offered work to many architects, and inevitably created expectations around the languages ​​of the the architecture they produce.

These were the years of developmental enthusiasm based on the naive belief that in our century there is more discovery, speed of transformation, and progress of wisdom.

For various reasons, Portuguese architecture in the 20th century is very unprotected, and it is serious when a large part of this heritage is today more subject to the pressures of real estate speculation and runs the serious risk of disappearing or being brutally disfigured.

Examples:

1945
Palácio Atlântico
Praça D. João I, Porto
ARS Arquitetos

1949-1951
Habitação José Braga
Porto
Celestino de Castro

1952-1957
FIL
Lisboa
Francisco Keil do Amara